[288] Arab Americans number over 160,000 in New York City,[289] with the highest concentration in Brooklyn. Approximately 12 million visitors to New York City were from outside the United States, with the highest numbers from the United Kingdom, Canada, Brazil, and China. Graduates The Council for International Exchange of Scholars 3007 Tilden Street N.W., Suite 5M, Washington, D.C. 20008-3009 Tel. The youngest patient was the 22-month-old baby girl. [535] New York is the only U.S. city in which a majority (52%) of households do not have a car; only 22% of Manhattanites own a car. [160] Manhattan's population density of 72,033 people per square mile (27,812/km2) in 2015 makes it the highest of any county in the United States and higher than the density of any individual American city. News 12 Networks operated News 12 The Bronx and News 12 Brooklyn. [107] At least 120 people were killed. Town. [333] New York also had the highest density of millionaires per capita among major U.S. cities in 2014, at 4.6% of residents. Uniquely among major American cities, New York is divided between, and is host to the main branches of, two different U.S. district courts: the District Court for the Southern District of New York, whose main courthouse is on Foley Square near City Hall in Manhattan and whose jurisdiction includes Manhattan and the Bronx; and the District Court for the Eastern District of New York, whose main courthouse is in Brooklyn and whose jurisdiction includes Brooklyn, Queens, and Staten Island. [595] In 2018, New York City announced a $1 billion investment to protect the integrity of its water system and to maintain the purity of its unfiltered water supply. New York City gained more residents between April 2010 and July 2014 (316,000) than any other U.S. All of Le Bar's contacts in New York City, which numbered several hundred, were vaccinated and sequestered to prevent further spread of the illness.[8]. The public CUNY system is one of the largest universities in the nation, comprising 24 institutions across all five boroughs: senior colleges, community colleges, and other graduate/professional schools. [49] He claimed the area for France and named it Nouvelle Angoulême (New Angoulême). In New York City, the city government is responsible for public education, correctional institutions, public safety, recreational facilities, sanitation, water supply, and welfare services. The city was a haven for Loyalist refugees and escaped slaves who joined the British lines for freedom newly promised by the Crown for all fighters. It is located in the western half of the county, northwest of Salamanca. The Condé Nast Building (2000) is a prominent example of green design in American skyscrapers[185] and has received an award from the American Institute of Architects and AIA New York State for its design. [592], According to the 2016 World Health Organization Global Urban Ambient Air Pollution Database,[596] the annual average concentration in New York City's air of particulate matter measuring 2.5 micrometers or less (PM2.5) was 7.0 micrograms per cubic meter, or 3.0 micrograms below the recommended limit of the WHO Air Quality Guidelines for the annual mean PM2.5. [548] Other ferry systems shuttle commuters between Manhattan and other locales within the city and the metropolitan area. The city has played host to more than forty major professional teams in the five sports and their respective competing league. On April 4, 1947, New York City Mayor William O'Dwyer and Commissioner of Health Israel Weinstein informed the public about the smallpox outbreak and announced plans to vaccinate everybody in the city. New Zealand is about 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi) east of Australia across the … See Climate of New York City for additional climate information from the outer boroughs. [556][557] Congestion pricing in New York City will go into effect in 2022 at the earliest. New York Fashion Week is one of the world's preeminent fashion events and is afforded extensive coverage by the media. The annual United States Open Tennis Championships is one of the world's four Grand Slam tennis tournaments and is held at the National Tennis Center in Flushing Meadows-Corona Park, Queens. The City of New York operates a public broadcast service, NYC Media,[411] that has produced several original Emmy Award-winning shows covering music and culture in city neighborhoods and city government. [111] The opening of the subway in 1904, first built as separate private systems, helped bind the new city together. [25][26] New York City was the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790,[27] and has been the largest U.S. city since 1790. [508] The New York metropolitan area hosts the most sports teams in the four major North American professional sports leagues with nine, one more than Los Angeles, and has 11 top-level professional sports teams if Major League Soccer is included, also one more than Los Angeles. [90] After the battle, in which the Americans were defeated, the British made the city their military and political base of operations in North America. [488] Many of the world's most lucrative art auctions are held in New York City. Times Square is the brightly illuminated hub of the Broadway Theater District,[37] one of the world's busiest pedestrian intersections,[38][39] and a major center of the world's entertainment industry. [239], Approximately 37% of the city's population is foreign born, and more than half of all children are born to mothers who are immigrants as of 2013. Trinity Church bicentennial celebration, May 5, 1897 By Trinity Church (New York, N.Y.) p. 37, "An Act for the Gradual Abolition of Negro Slavery in New York" (, , "African Americans in New York City, 1626–1863". In its 2018 ParkScore ranking, The Trust for Public Land reported that the park system in New York City was the ninth-best park system among the fifty most populous U.S. Staten Island is connected to Brooklyn by the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge, and to Manhattan by way of the free Staten Island Ferry, a daily commuter ferry which provides unobstructed views of the Statue of Liberty, Ellis Island, and Lower Manhattan. The vaccination clinics began closing April 26, with the last closing May 3, 1947.[1]. An 800,000-square-foot (74,000 m2) permanent rail station designed by Santiago Calatrava, the World Trade Center Transportation Hub, the city's third-largest hub, was completed in 2016. [107] It was one of the worst incidents of civil unrest in American history. The Manhattan Bridge, opened in 1909, is considered to be the forerunner of modern suspension bridges, and its design served as the model for many of the long-span suspension bridges around the world; the Manhattan Bridge, Throgs Neck Bridge, Triborough Bridge, and Verrazano-Narrows Bridge are all examples of Structural Expressionism.[567][568]. Since 2010, a Little Australia has emerged and is growing rapidly representing the Australasian presence in Nolita, Manhattan. The city's large cycling population includes utility cyclists, such as delivery and messenger services; cycling clubs for recreational cyclists; and increasingly commuters. Rioters burned the Colored Orphan Asylum to the ground, with more than 200 children escaping harm due to efforts of the New York Police Department, which was mainly made up of Irish immigrants. Lower Manhattan is home to the New York Stock Exchange, on Wall Street, and the NASDAQ, at 165 Broadway, representing the world's largest and second largest stock exchanges, respectively, when measured both by overall average daily trading volume and by total market capitalization of their listed companies in 2013. [348] Food processing is a $5 billion industry that employs more than 19,000 residents. [259] Hispanics or Latinos of any race represented 28.6% of the population,[259] while Asians constituted the fastest-growing segment of the city's population between 2000 and 2010; the non-Hispanic white population declined three percent, the smallest recorded decline in decades; and for the first time since the U.S. Civil War, the number of black people declined over a decade. [113], In 1904, the steamship General Slocum caught fire in the East River, killing 1,021 people on board. This bridge was also the longest suspension bridge in the world from its opening until 1903, and is the first steel-wire suspension bridge. Company Information", "11 Most Expensive Stadiums in the World", "New York Yankees: Facts, History, Stats, and Resources", "How Mets, Colt .45s Grew Up To Beat The Bullies", "Major League Baseball, Police Athletic League and the Brooklyn Cyclones to host free MLB Umpire Camp", "New ownership group for Staten Island Yankees talks about future plans", "Preparations Different for a Home-and-Home Contest", "Owners warm up to New York/New Jersey as Super Bowl XLVIII host", "Picture-perfect opening for $200M Red Bull Arena in Harrison", "The MTA Network: Public Transportation for the New York Region", "Commuting in America III: Commuting Facts", Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit Corporation, "U.S. New York City has been considered the dance capital of the world. 's data and estimates. Participation in professional sports in the city predates all professional leagues, and the city has been continuously hosting professional sports since the birth of the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1882. Ecuador, Colombia, Guyana, Peru, and Brazil were the top source countries from South America for legal immigrants to the New York City region in 2013; the Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Haiti, and Trinidad and Tobago in the Caribbean; Egypt, Ghana, and Nigeria from Africa; and El Salvador, Honduras, and Guatemala in Central America. [526] In Queens, the elevated AirTrain people mover system connects JFK International Airport to the New York City Subway and the Long Island Rail Road; a separate AirTrain system is planned alongside the Grand Central Parkway to connect LaGuardia Airport to these transit systems. [106] There was also extensive immigration from the German provinces, where revolutions had disrupted societies, and Germans comprised another 25% of New York's population by 1860. "Liberty - New York City Timelapse 4K" I vividly remember my first experience of New York City as a kid, before I became a photographer. [187][188][189], Stone and brick became the city's building materials of choice after the construction of wood-frame houses was limited in the aftermath of the Great Fire of 1835. [606] He was elected in 2013 with over 73% of the vote, and assumed office on January 1, 2014. (The Landlord Pays Those Now)", "Mayor De Blasio And NYC & Company Announce NYC Welcomed Record 62.8 Million Visitors in 2017", "Visa-seeking Chinese fund giant NY Ferris wheel", "NYC to get 'world's largest' Ferris wheel", "Number Of Manhattan Hotel Rooms To Increase 10% In 2014", "Waldorf becomes most expensive hotel ever sold: $1.95 billion", "Four Marvel TV Shows to Film in New York", "Mayor De Blasio Announces Increased Growth of New York City's Entertainment Industry Brings $8.7 billion into the Local Economy", "New York half-year location filming surpasses record for whole of 2013", "New York surpasses Los Angeles for TV drama pilot filming", "Tampa Bay 12th Largest Media Market Now", Top 10 Consolidated Agency Networks: Ranked by 2006 Worldwide Network Revenue, "New York Daily News (American newspaper)", "el Diario/La Prensa: The Nation's Oldest Spanish-Language Daily", "After 62 Years and Many Battles, Village Voice Will End Print Publication", "Community Celebrates Public Access TV's 35th Anniversary", "Top 30 Public Radio Subscribers: Spring 2006 Arbitron", "New York City Department of Education—About Us", "A Tiny Strip of New York That Feels Like the Suburbs", "The New York City Charter School Center", "Academics—The City University of New York", "ARWU World University Rankings 2019 | Academic Ranking of World Universities 2019 | Top 1000 universities | Shanghai Ranking—2019", "Academic Ranking of World Universities 2017", "Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg and Economic Development Corporation President Andrew M. Alper Unveil Plans to Develop Commercial Bioscience Center in Manhattan", "The Doctor Is In: New York's Increasing Number of Doctors", "The History of New York City's Municipal Hospitals", "CEO of Chicago Public Hospitals to Take the Helm of HHC", "NYC Boosts Cigarette Prices to $13, Bans Sales by Pharmacies", "NYPD Stop And Frisks: 15 Shocking Facts About A Controversial Program", "Stop-and-Frisk Campaign: About the Issue", "San Diego County homicides up 12% in 2015", "Don't Tell New York, But Crime Is Going Up", "The Remarkable Drop in Crime in New York City", https://www1.nyc.gov/assets/nypd/downloads/pdf/analysis_and_planning/year-end-2017-enforcement-report.pdf, Livingstone to follow methods of the NYPD, "Mystery Of New York's Falling Crime Rate Remains Unsolved", "In New York City, Fewer Murders on Rainy Days", "NY Crime—Mafia Is Down—but Not Out—Crime Families Adapt to Survive, Lowering Profile and Using Need-to-Know Tactics", "Introduction to Chapter 14: New York City (NYC) Culture", "Speeches: Tom Christopher Exhibit Opening", "ART; A 1920's Flowering That Didn't Disappear", "Will Gentrification Spoil the Birthplace of Hip-Hop?—New York", "New York retakes Top Global Fashion Capital Title from London, edging past Paris", "2 plays + 9 nominations=good odds for locals", "The Metropolitan Museum of Art General Information", "New Drive Promoting 5th Ave.'s 'Museum Mile, "Leonardo da Vinci Painting Sells for $450.3 Million, Shattering Auction Highs", "Christ painting by Leonardo da Vinci sells for record $450M", "Pastrami On Rye: A Full-length History Of The Jewish Deli", "27,479 restaurants selected by the Michelin Guide—Top Destinations", "Restaurant Inspection Results (Letter Grades)", "Millions Of Revelers Marvel Over Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade", "Guide to the 2016 Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade", "Oy Gevalt! In 1639–1640, in an effort to bolster economic growth, the Dutch West India Company relinquished its monopoly over the fur trade, leading to growth in the production and trade of food, timber, tobacco, and slaves (particularly with the Dutch West Indies). [485] The Mile, which contains one of the densest displays of culture in the world, is actually three blocks longer than one mile (1.6 km). [72], In 1664, unable to summon any significant resistance, Stuyvesant surrendered New Amsterdam to English troops, led by Colonel Richard Nicolls, without bloodshed. Entra. Shanghai is a global financial center, ranking third (after New York and London) in the 28th edition of the Global Financial Centres Index (and first in Asia), published in September 2020 by Z/Yen and China Development Institute. The influx of non-European immigrants in recent decades has led to changes in this distinctive dialect,[502] and the traditional form of this speech pattern is no longer as prevalent among general New Yorkers as it has been in the past.[502]. [236] Today Fort Hamilton serves as the headquarters of the North Atlantic Division of the United States Army Corps of Engineers and for the New York City Recruiting Battalion. He subsequently developed a rash and fever. The metropolitan area is home to three National Hockey League teams. These teams compete in six games of interleague play every regular season that has also come to be called the Subway Series. The Queensboro Bridge is an important piece of cantilever architecture. The Bronx (Bronx County) is New York City's northernmost borough and the only New York City borough that lies mainly on the mainland United States. [574] Cycling is increasingly popular in New York City; in 2017 there were approximately 450,000 daily bike trips, compared with 170,000 daily bike trips in 2005. Chocolate is New York City's leading specialty-food export, with up to $234 million worth of exports each year. [260] Throughout its history, New York has been a major port of entry for immigrants into the United States. As of 2019, the Shanghai Stock Exchange had a market capitalization of US$4.02 trillion, making it the largest stock exchange in China and the fourth-largest stock exchange in the … With an estimated 2019 population of 8,336,817 distributed over about 302.6 square miles (784 km2), New York City is also the most densely populated major city in the United States. Shortly after the British occupation began, the Great Fire of New York occurred, a large conflagration on the West Side of Lower Manhattan, which destroyed about a quarter of the buildings in the city, including Trinity Church. Viene detta New York City per distinguerla dall'omonimo Stato federato. Ultima mudifica di a pagina: u 9 utt 2020, 14:33. New York interracial abolitionist activism continued; among its leaders were graduates of the African Free School. Several investment banks and investment managers headquartered in Manhattan are important participants in other global financial centers. Neither had any known contact with Le Bar or any of the cases traced to him. New York City itself is the subject or background of many plays and musicals. As a result of the mass vaccination, there were 46 cases of encephalitis, or inflammation of the brain and spinal cord, resulting in 8 deaths in the following weeks. I Love New York (stylized I ❤ NY) is both a logo and a song that are the basis of an advertising campaign and have been used since 1977 to promote tourism in New York City,[387] and later to promote New York State as well. [126][127][128][129][130], There are seven state parks within the confines of New York City, including Clay Pit Ponds State Park Preserve, a natural area that includes extensive riding trails, and Riverbank State Park, a 28-acre (11 ha) facility that rises 69 feet (21 m) over the Hudson River. [109] Eleven Black men were lynched over five days, and the riots forced hundreds of blacks to flee the city for Williamsburg, Brooklyn, and New Jersey. [338], (ranked by 2015 revenues) New York City is also a center for the advertising, music, newspaper, digital media, and publishing industries and is also the largest media market in North America. [202] Similarly, readings of 0 °F (−18 °C) are also extremely rare, last occurring on February 14, 2016. The daily mean temperature in January, the area's coldest month, is 32.6 °F (0.3 °C). During his tenure, the population of New Netherland grew from 2,000 to 8,000. By 1900, Germans constituted the largest immigrant group, followed by the Irish, Jews, and Italians. [citation needed] These include the Woolworth Building, an early example of Gothic Revival architecture in skyscraper design, built with massively scaled Gothic detailing; completed in 1913, for 17 years it was the world's tallest building.[182]. The filmed entertainment industry has been growing in New York, contributing nearly $9 billion to the New York City economy alone as of 2015. [53] Hudson sailed roughly 150 miles (240 km) north,[54] past the site of the present-day New York State capital city of Albany, in the belief that it might be an oceanic tributary before the river became too shallow to continue. NYC homeless people reveal which items they value the most", "Port of New York and New Jersey Sets New Cargo Volume Record for 2017", "State's Unemployment Rate Hits 4.1%, Reaches 30-Year Low—NYC Unemployment Rate Drops to 4.0%, a New All-Time Low", "Beijing Breaks into Top Ten in Rankings by A.T. Kearney", "New York City Tops Global Competitiveness Rankings, Economist Report Says", "Mayor de Blasio announces $3M in grants for New York City's fashion industry", "New York Tries to Revive Garment Industry, Outside the Garment District", "Godiva Chocolatier Inc. Company Information", "The NYSE Makes Stock Exchanges Around The World Look Tiny", "Is the New York Stock Exchange the Largest Stock Market in the World? Silicon Alley, centered in Manhattan, has evolved into a metonym for the sphere encompassing the New York City metropolitan region's high technology industries[368] involving the Internet, new media, telecommunications, digital media, software development, game design, financial technology ("FinTech"), and other fields within information technology that are supported by its entrepreneurship ecosystem and venture capital investments. Volunteers drawn from the American Red Cross, the City Health Department, off-duty police and firefighters, and the disbanded, but vast, World War II Air Raid Warden networks located in all of New York's coastal towns, went door-to-door to urge residents to get vaccinated. New York has architecturally noteworthy buildings in a wide range of styles and from distinct time periods, from the Dutch Colonial Pieter Claesen Wyckoff House in Brooklyn, the oldest section of which dates to 1656, to the modern One World Trade Center, the skyscraper at Ground Zero in Lower Manhattan and the most expensive office tower in the world by construction cost. Bronx 5. The towers of the Brooklyn Bridge are built of limestone, granite, and Rosendale cement, and their architectural style is neo-Gothic, with characteristic pointed arches above the passageways through the stone towers. Guests who were still there were all vaccinated. Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. Slavery became integrally tied to New York's economy through the labor of slaves throughout the port, and the banks and shipping tied to the American South. The FDNY headquarters is located at 9 MetroTech Center in Downtown Brooklyn,[456] and the FDNY Fire Academy is located on Randalls Island. [66] To attract settlers, the Dutch instituted the patroon system in 1628, whereby wealthy Dutchmen (patroons, or patrons) who brought 50 colonists to New Netherland would be awarded swaths of land, along with local political autonomy and rights to participate in the lucrative fur trade. The third is Newark Liberty International Airport in Newark, New Jersey. [208][209], The coldest month on record is January 1857, with a mean temperature of 19.6 °F (−6.9 °C) whereas the warmest months on record are July 1825 and July 1999, both with a mean temperature of 81.4 °F (27.4 °C). [199], Winters are chilly and damp, and prevailing wind patterns that blow sea breezes offshore temper the moderating effects of the Atlantic Ocean; yet the Atlantic and the partial shielding from colder air by the Appalachian Mountains keep the city warmer in the winter than inland North American cities at similar or lesser latitudes such as Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis. However, brain tissue was examined from all 8 fatalities, and in a report on the outbreak written by Commissioner of Health Weinstein, he stated that they had other diseases of the central nervous system and none had encephalitis. [255][256][257][258], The city's population in 2010 was 44% white (33.3% non-Hispanic white), 25.5% Black or African American (23% non-Hispanic black), 0.7% Native American or Alaska Native, and 12.7% Asian. Less than 1% of the population was Mormon. [610], In 2006, the Sister City Program of the City of New York, Inc. was restructured and renamed New York City Global Partners. The majority of parades are held in Manhattan. [97] Under New York State's abolition act of 1799, children of slave mothers were to be eventually liberated but to be held in indentured servitude until their mid-to-late twenties. HHC's MetroPlus Health Plan is one of the New York area's largest providers of government-sponsored health insurance and is the plan of choice for nearly half million New Yorkers. [148] The Hudson River separates the city from the U.S. state of New Jersey. The FDNY's motto is New York's Bravest. [280], The metropolitan area is also home to 20% of the nation's Indian Americans and at least 20 Little India enclaves, and 15% of all Korean Americans and four Koreatowns;[293][294] the largest Asian Indian population in the Western Hemisphere; the largest Russian American,[272] Italian American, and African American populations; the largest Dominican American, Puerto Rican American, and South American[272] and second-largest overall Hispanic population in the United States, numbering 4.8 million;[287] and includes multiple established Chinatowns within New York City alone.[295]. [268] The New York City borough of Queens is home to the state's largest Asian American population and the largest Andean (Colombian, Ecuadorian, Peruvian, and Bolivian) populations in the United States, and is also the most ethnically diverse urban area in the world. [534] According to the New York City Comptroller, workers in the New York City area spend an average of 6 hours and 18 minutes getting to work each week, the longest commute time in the nation among large cities. [279] A community numbering 20,000 Korean-Chinese (Chaoxianzu or Joseonjok) is centered in Flushing, Queens, while New York City is also home to the largest Tibetan population outside China, India, and Nepal, also centered in Queens. New York City has the largest European and non-Hispanic white population of any American city. [155], New York City is sometimes referred to collectively as the Five Boroughs.[159]. [84] It also became a center of slavery, with 42% of households holding slaves by 1730, the highest percentage outside Charleston, South Carolina. [435] In 2012, the NYPD came under scrutiny for its use of a stop-and-frisk program,[436][437][438] which has undergone several policy revisions since then. Additionally, there have been 14 World Series in which two New York City teams played each other, known as a Subway Series and occurring most recently in 2000. [307][308] Same-sex marriages in New York were legalized on June 24, 2011 and were authorized to take place beginning 30 days thereafter. The East River—a tidal strait—flows from Long Island Sound and separates the Bronx and Manhattan from Long Island. [572] President Franklin D. Roosevelt was the first person to drive through it. It was the center of the Harlem Renaissance. The snowiest season (Jul–Jun) on record is 1995–1996, with 75.6 inches (192 cm) of snowfall. ADIRONDACK COMMUNITY COLLEGE I-25. The fire department faces multifaceted firefighting challenges in many ways unique to New York. Major tourist destinations include Times Square; Broadway theater productions; the Empire State Building; the Statue of Liberty; Ellis Island; the United Nations Headquarters; museums such as the Metropolitan Museum of Art; greenspaces such as Central Park and Washington Square Park; Rockefeller Center; the Manhattan Chinatown; luxury shopping along Fifth and Madison Avenues; and events such as the Halloween Parade in Greenwich Village; the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade; the lighting of the Rockefeller Center Christmas Tree; the St. Patrick's Day parade; seasonal activities such as ice skating in Central Park in the wintertime; the Tribeca Film Festival; and free performances in Central Park at Summerstage. with City and U.S. ranks, New York City is a global hub of business and commerce, as a center for banking and finance, retailing, world trade, transportation, tourism, real estate, new media, traditional media, advertising, legal services, accountancy, insurance, theater, fashion, and the arts in the United States; while Silicon Alley, metonymous for New York's broad-spectrum high technology sphere, continues to expand. [538][539] For intercity rail, New York City is served by Amtrak, whose busiest station by a significant margin is Pennsylvania Station on the West Side of Manhattan, from which Amtrak provides connections to Boston, Philadelphia, and Washington, D.C. along the Northeast Corridor, and long-distance train service to other North American cities.[540]. New media enterprises are contributing an increasingly important component to the city's central role in the media sphere. Central Asians, primarily Uzbek Americans, are a rapidly growing segment of the city's non-Hispanic white population, enumerating over 30,000, and including more than half of all Central Asian immigrants to the United States,[290] most settling in Queens or Brooklyn. Museum Mile is the name for a section of Fifth Avenue running from 82nd to 105th streets on the Upper East Side of Manhattan,[484] in an area sometimes called Upper Carnegie Hill. [541], New York City's public bus fleet runs 24/7 and is the largest in North America. [558][559][560], New York City is also known for its rules regarding turning at red lights. [36] A record 62.8 million tourists visited New York City in 2017. Under such influential United States founders as Alexander Hamilton and John Jay, the New York Manumission Society worked for abolition and established the African Free School to educate Black children. At 2.7 million in 2012, New York's non-Hispanic white population is larger than the non-Hispanic white populations of Los Angeles (1.1 million), Chicago (865,000), and Houston (550,000) combined. It has about 7 millions of inhabitants. Brooklyn (Kings County), on the western tip of Long Island, is the city's most populous borough. The Statue of Liberty National Monument and Ellis Island Immigration Museum are managed by the National Park Service and are in both the states of New York and New Jersey. [599] One of the most heavily used bodies of water in the Port of New York and New Jersey, it had been one of the most contaminated industrial sites in the country,[600] containing years of discarded toxins, an estimated 30 million US gallons (110,000 m3) of spilled oil, including the Greenpoint oil spill, raw sewage from New York City's sewer system,[600] and other accumulation. The iconic New York City Subway system is the largest rapid transit system in the world when measured by stations in operation, with 472, and by length of routes. [170][171], The Chinese population constitutes the fastest-growing nationality in New York State; multiple satellites of the original Manhattan Chinatown, in Brooklyn, and around Flushing, Queens, are thriving as traditionally urban enclaves—while also expanding rapidly eastward into suburban Nassau County[269] on Long Island,[270] as the New York metropolitan region and New York State have become the top destinations for new Chinese immigrants, respectively, and large-scale Chinese immigration continues into New York City and surrounding areas,[271][272][273][274][275][276] with the largest metropolitan Chinese diaspora outside Asia,[20][277] including an estimated 812,410 individuals in 2015.[278].