Cioè: ho capito che nei magazzini dei reparti si può trovare di tutto, anche materiale radiato (tipo le moto Guzzi). Ne combatterono parecchi, soprattutto nell'esercito francese, italiano e britannico. Ha una gittata tra i 500 ed i 1.000 metri ed è in grado di perforare circa 450 mm di corazza. Gli inglesi arrivarono a selezionare una speciale unità denominata “anti-folgore” per poterla fronteggiare! The Folgore used everything at their disposal including letting the Allied soldiers advance into a "cul-de-sac" and then launching a counterattack from all sides. pub. [2], The 2-months[2] Instructors course began in March 1940. I Reparti dipendenti della B. Con l'inserimento in organico della Compagnia genio guastatori paracadutisti "Folgore" si ridenomina Reparto Comando e Supporti Tattici Paracadutisti "Folgore". Allora ho capito male. download Reclamo . On 27 July 1942 the division's name was changed to 185th Infantry Division "Folgore" and its regiments were renumbered and renamed as well. [14] At the end of the battle of El Alamein, Harry Zinder of Time magazine noted that the Italians paratroopers fought better than had been expected, and commented that: "In the south, the famed Folgore Paratroopers Division fought to the last round of ammunition". [6] When the division arrived in Africa the three artillery groups of the 185th Artillery Regiment "Folgore" were merged into two artillery groups of three batteries each, thus providing one group for each infantry regiment, which in turn could now provide one battery to each battalion of a regiment. History of the Second World War; United Kingdom Military Series. To aid in the raising of the 183rd Infantry Regiment "Nembo" the 185th ceded its X Paratroopers Battalion to the 183rd and raised the XI Paratroopers Battalion in its stead. Di seguito viene riportato l'elenco dei reggimenti dell'Esercito Italiano creati dalla sua istituzione nel 1946. Brigata Paracadutisti Folgore E’ l’unica unità paracadutista dell’Esercito Italiano con quartier generale a Livorno. After the war the combat group became the Mechanized Division "Folgore", which was disbanded on 31 October 1986. [2] By early 1940 an Italian paratroopers battalion was also established. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press, p.46, G.Lunardi, P.Compagni "I paracadutisti Italiani 1937/45", Editrice Militare Italiana, Milano 1989, pag.41, "Brigata Paracadutisti "Folgore" - La Storia", "185° Reggimento Paracadutisti "Folgore" - La Storia", "187° Reggimento Paracadutisti "Folgore" - La Storia", "186° Reggimento Paracadutisti "Folgore" - La Storia", "185° Reggimento Artiglieria Paracadutisti "Folgore" - La Storia", "8° Reggimento Genio Guastatori Paracadutisti "Folgore" - La Storia", "American Historian Praises The Role Of The Folgore In North Africa", Harry Zinder's nov 16, 1942 report for TIME MAGAZINE, Parachute landing troops on Kefalonia. The main Allied effort during the battle was in the northern part of the Axis line. Fanteria aeromobile. 1 National (i.e. [12] On 6 November, after having exhausted all its ammunition, the remainder of the Division surrendered. School Command (the Commander was a senior officer of the Air force, the Deputy Commander a senior officer of the Army); 1st Paratroopers Infantry Regiment (raised 1 April 1941), 2nd Paratroopers Infantry Regiment (raised 1 September 1941), VIII Paratroopers Battalion (re-roled as Paratroopers Sapper unit in May 1942), Division Headquarters and Headquarters Company, II Paratroopers Battalion (from 185th Infantry Regiment "Nembo"), IV Paratroopers Battalion (from 185th Infantry Regiment "Nembo"), I Paratroopers Artillery Group (3x batteries with, III Paratroopers Artillery Group (3x batteries with 47/32 cannons), 7th Paratroopers Artillery Battery (47/32 cannons), 20th Mortar Company (81mm Model 35 mortars and M28 Mortars), 185th Mining and Explosives Engineers Company, Corporal Major Antonio ANDRIOLO, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, October 23 – November 4, 1942, First Lieutenant Roberto BANDINI, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, October 23–25, 1942, First Lieutenant Ferruccio BRANDI, 187th Paratroopers Regiment, October 24, 1942, Second Lieutenant Pietro BRUNO 132d Transport Regiment, Private Giuseppe CAPPELLETTO, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, October 23–25, 1942, Private Giacomo CESARONI, 187th Paratroopers Regiment, October 29, 1942, Private Leandro FRANCHI, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, November 1942, Second Lieutenant Giovanni GAMBAUDO, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, October 23–24, 1942, First Lieutenant Marco GOLA, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, October 23–24, 1942, Private Gerardo LUSTRISSIMI, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, October 23–25, 1942, Sergeant Major Dario PIRLONE, 185th Artillery Regiment, October 24, 1942, Sergeant Nicola PISTILLO, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, October 23–25, 1942, Corporal Major Dario PONZECCHI, 185th Paratroopers Regiment, October 26, 1942, Captain Costantino RUSPOLI, Prince of Poggio Suasa, 187th Paratroopers Regiment, October 26–27, 1942, Captain Gastone SIMONI, 187th Paratroopers Regiment, October 23–27, 1942, Sergeant Major Mario GIARETTO, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, August 8, 1942, Second Lieutenant Omero LUCCHI, Folgore Division Artillery, August 31 – September 4, 1942, Sapper Clinio MISSERVILLE, 185th Assault Sapper Company, September 10, 1942, Major Aurelio ROSSI, 187th Paratroopers Regiment, August 20 – September 3, 1942, Captain Fabio RUGIADI, 187th Paratroopers Regiment, August 30, 1942, Lieutenant Colonel Carlo Marescotti RUSPOLI, Prince of Poggio Suasa, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, First Lieutenant Giovanni STARACE, Folgore Division, July - November, 1942, Second Lieutenant Giovanni STASSI, 186th Paratroopers Regiment, August 25 – September 2, 1942, This page was last edited on 9 December 2020, at 17:33. [15] With a few survivors and some replacement, the 285º Battaglione Paracadutisti "Folgore", a battaillon-size unit commandeered by Captain Lombardini, was formed, and participated to the defense of the Mareth Line in Tunisia in mid 1943, particularly at the Battle of Takrouna, where it was destroyed. However, the four divisions attacking the Folgore positions in the south had also been given breakthrough objectives. [1], By 1939 there were two Libyan Paratroopers Battalions. History of the Second World War; United Kingdom Military Series. [8] On 15 March 1942 the 3rd Paratroopers Infantry Regiment with the battalions VIII, IX, and X was raised in Tarquinia.[6]. [12] On 6 November, after having exhausted all its ammunition, the remainder of the Division surrendered. Additionally a seventh battery was formed with surplus materiel found by the division during its transfer to the front. The division was sent to Africa and fought in the Battle of El Alamein with the following structure:[16]. In the following days between 25 October and 4 November, the 50th, 7th, 44th divisions, 1st and 2nd Free French and the Royal Hellenic Brigades, supported by artillery and armour, failed to break through in the southern sector. Tra essi i reparti prettamente operativi sono: They also used their 47mm Anti-tank guns from enfilade positions and Molotov cocktails to knock out advancing armor. However, all that was achieved at a high casualty rate was a small salient, which was soon recaptured. Direct and immediate origins of the 185th Paratroopers Division "Folgore" lie in the Paratroopers units formed in the wake of the breaking out of the World War Two. [4] The Division held back countless attacks from tanks with use of homemade incendiary's to usage of hand grenades and firing of the M28 grenade launchers at tanks. Additionally the following soldiers of the division were awarded a Gold Medal of Military Valor during the Western Desert Campaign: On 25 September 1944 the Italian Co-Belligerent Army raised the Combat Group "Folgore" with soldiers and materiel from the disbanded 184th Paratroopers Division "Nembo". On 1 January 1963 the Italian Army raised the I Paratroopers Brigade in Pisa, which received the name "Folgore" on 10 June 1967. di Sandro Addario - lunedì, 23 Febbraio 2015 14:32 - Cronaca Reparti dipendenti: Comandanti: Decorato di ordine militare d’Italia, medaglia d’oro, tre medaglie d’argento e tre di bronzo al valor militare e una al valore dell’esercito. On the same date the Paratroopers Division Artillery Regiment was activated. Transcript . During the Second battle of El Alamein the Folgore Division came under attack from three Allied divisions 44th (Home Counties) Infantry Division, 50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division, 7th Armoured Division, and the 1st Free French Brigade. Ad ogni modo direi che la Folgore e' l'elite dei reparti base (non-fos), non certo della FFAA. Elementi del reparto costituirono il nucleo iniziale di una nuova formazione che assunse successivamente la denominazione di Primo reparto speciale autonomo e infine quella di squadrone da ricognizione “Folgore”, che operò, dal 6 ottobre 1943, alle dipendenze della Prima divisione canadese e in seguito del XIII corpo d’armata britannico. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press, p.46, G.Lunardi, P.Compagni "I paracadutisti Italiani 1937/45", Editrice Militare Italiana, Milano 1989, pag.41, "Brigata Paracadutisti "Folgore" - La Storia", "185° Reggimento Paracadutisti "Folgore" - La Storia", "187° Reggimento Paracadutisti "Folgore" - La Storia", "186° Reggimento Paracadutisti "Folgore" - La Storia", "185° Reggimento Artiglieria Paracadutisti "Folgore" - La Storia", "8° Reggimento Genio Guastatori Paracadutisti "Folgore" - La Storia", "American Historian Praises The Role Of The Folgore In North Africa", Harry Zinder's nov 16, 1942 report for TIME MAGAZINE, Parachute landing troops on Kefalonia. Auto-transportable Infantry - North-African Type: This article is about the historic Italian 185th Paratroopers Division Folgore. However, the four divisions attacking the Folgore positions in the south had also been given breakthrough objectives. The Allied attack began with an artillery barrage, followed by an all out assault by the 7th Armoured and 44th Infantry divisions. On 1 January 1963 the Italian Army raised the I Paratroopers Brigade in Pisa, which received the name "Folgore" on 10 June 1967. [3] In late November 1940 was established only one Paratroopers Battalion.[2]. Ad El Alamein sopraffatto dalla schiacciante superiorità inglese, Rommel, grazie al sacrificio italiano, riuscirà a portare in salvo le truppe motorizzate. [4] The Division held back countless attacks from tanks with use of homemade incendiary's to usage of hand grenades and firing of the M28 grenade launchers at tanks. Alle dipendenze del Comando delle Forze Operative Terrestri di Verona, ha nel suo organico diversi reparti dislocati principalmente in Toscana. Categoria Brigata Paracadutisti “Folgore” Abbigliamento Esercito Italiano. The history of the 185th Division "Folgore" spans from late 1930s, when its immediate ancestors were established, to 1945, when its immediate successor was disbanded. During the latter division put up a fierce defense against attacking Commonwealth forces, managing to drive repeated attacks conducted by tanks and infantry. In June 1942 the divisions name was changed to 185th Paratroopers Division Folgore and its regiments renumbered and renamed as well. E con simbologie che, secondo l'Anpi, ricorderebbero quelle di alcuni "reparti nazifascisti". Il battaglione festeggia la battaglia di Sidi Bilal in Libia (20 settembre 1912) dove si guadagna la … On 27 July 1942 the division's name was changed to 185th Infantry Division "Folgore" and its regiments were renumbered and renamed as well. [3] School personnel was drawn from the Air force, while personnel to instruct consisted of Royal Italian Army officers and sub-officers. [10][11] Operation Lightfoot, launched on 24 October 1942, was designed to break through the weak Italian-held southern sector of the Alamein line where the Bologna, Brescia, Pavia and Folgore Divisions anchored the right flank. Dovrà, dopo una ritirata di 2.000 km condotta con grande abilità, riaccendere la battaglia in Tunisia. However in the course of the battle the division was annihilated and declared lost on 23 November 1942. On 1 September 1941 the Royal Italian Army raised the 1st Paratroopers Division in Tarquinia. Non ho un elenco del numero di reparti o informazioni particolarmente precise, ma provo a dare una risposta. Fanteria della . [2] By early 1940 an Italian paratroopers battalion was also established. [3] In late November 1940 was established only one Paratroopers Battalion.[2]. [2], The 2-months[2] Instructors course began in March 1940. (PL), 2nd Cavalry Division Emanuele Filiberto Testa di Ferro, 3rd Cavalry Division Principe Amedeo Duca d'Aosta, 21st Infantry Division Granatieri di Sardegna, 22nd Infantry Division Cacciatori delle Alpi, 40th Infantry Division Cacciatori d'Africa, 65th Infantry Division Granatieri di Savoia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=185th_Paratroopers_Division_Folgore&oldid=993260393, Military units and formations established in 1941, Military units and formations disestablished in 1943, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. > alcuni anni fa, quindi ai reparti non dovresti trovare nulla. [1], By 1939 there were two Libyan Paratroopers Battalions. For its conduct during the Second Battle of El Alamein the division as whole was awarded a Gold Medal of Military Valor. The 185th Artillery, 186th Paratroopers and 187th Paratroopers regiments received a second Gold Medal for specific actions during the Second Battle of El Alamein. [15] With a few survivors and some replacement, the 285º Battaglione Paracadutisti "Folgore", a battaillon-size unit commandeered by Captain Lombardini, was formed, and participated to the defense of the Mareth Line in Tunisia in mid 1943, particularly at the Battle of Takrouna, where it was destroyed. Parte Prima - Congedati Folgore. After the war the combat group became the Mechanized Division "Folgore", which was disbanded on 31 October 1986. The Folgore used everything at their disposal including letting the Allied soldiers advance into a "cul-de-sac" and then launching a counterattack from all sides. "Come Folgore dal Cielo" Sempre! The history of the 185th Division "Folgore" spans from late 1930s, when its immediate ancestors were established, to 1945, when its immediate successor was disbanded. The 7th Armoured Division had been ordered to spare their tanks, so their attacks were called off after the bloody fighting during the night of October 24: 31 Allied tanks were destroyed or damaged during that night alone. pub. The regiment took command of the three paratroopers artillery groups, which each fielded two batteries with four 47/32 cannons per battery. For its conduct during the Second Battle of El Alamein the division as whole was awarded a Gold Medal of Military Valor. [2], At the beginning of the Italian participation in World War Two there were:[2], On 15 January 1941 both Libyan Paratroopers School and Libyan Paratroopers Battalion were assigned to the defence of El Fteiah airport (near Derna) with 850 troops (418 Italians and 432 Libyans). Auto-transportable Infantry - North-African Type: This article is about the historic Italian 185th Paratroopers Division Folgore. Nove gare rinviate, di cui sei già rifissate il 9 dicembre Domani in campo ulteriori recuperi delle gare rinviate nelle scorse settimane, cala il numero di rinvi, col nuovo protocollo che favorirà la prosecuzione e conclusione della competizione. Therefore, the battalions in the Paratroopers Brigade "Folgore" were given the names of the regiments of the former 185th Paratroopers Division "Folgore". Questa possibilità di scegliere il proprio equipaggiamento ha qualche limitazione? 3. At El-Alamein, throughout several engagements, the paratroopers were either able to resist the attacks made upon them or, when the Allied forces had been successful in completely wiping out the first line of Folgore outposts, to reform again, usually counterattacking. Direct and immediate origins of the 185th Paratroopers Division "Folgore" lie in the Paratroopers units formed in the wake of the breaking out of the World War Two. [2], After quarrels,[2] in 1937 paratroopers schools were assigned by law to the Regia Aeronautica. HMSO 1966], The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume IV: The Destruction of the Axis Forces in Africa. [6], In 1942 the division was further augmented: on 15 January the II Paratroopers Artillery Group was raised, followed by the III Paratroopers Artillery Group on 10 March. During the latter division put up a fierce defense against attacking Commonwealth forces, managing to drive repeated attacks conducted by tanks and infantry. 185th Paratroopers Division Folgore or 185ª Divisione Paracadutisti Folgore was a Parachute Division of the Italian Army (in Italian Regio Esercito) during World War II. 1 National (i.e. was issued 47/32 guns only, with only anti-tank tasks, and also that with serious limitations- but it was unapt for instance to provide a normal fire support, lacking the curved fire capability. The main Allied effort during the battle was in the northern part of the Axis line. However, all that was achieved at a high casualty rate was a small salient, which was soon recaptured.